In case you haven’t noticed, I’ve been digging up and exploring my artful roots. As a result, a few folks have asked if I teach online or do workshops and while I’m no expert, I thought it would be fun to pass along some of the things that I have learned along the way. Therefore, today is the beginning of a new (sometimes) series called Watercolor Painting 101.

We’re going to begin with what you may think of as elementary (it is) or even insulting, but read on! There’s a very good reason that this foundational information is necessary. In fact, these basic steps are so important that they will stay with you no matter how advanced you become and provide you with a spectacular rainbow of possibilities.

• The Color Wheel – The three basic primary colors are red, yellow, and blue and they’re considered primary because they cannot be formed by combining any other colors.

From these three colors you can create any color you wish. Of course, you can go out and purchase all of the beautiful shades of the rainbow (and there are some very important shades to purchase!) but by beginning with the basics, you’ll have a deeper understanding of how colors work together.

•The “primary colors” image above shows you the most basic color wheel.

•Outside of the main circle, I’ve combined the primary colors to create secondary colors:

red + blue = purple
yellow + blue = green
red + yellow = orange

• By combining the primary and secondary colors which sit beside one another, the tertiary colors are created. For example, combining yellow and orange, you create yellow-orange, combine red and orange and you have red-orange and so on. Your other tertiary colors are red-purple, blue-purple, blue-green, yellow-green

Complimentary colors are colors which are opposite one another on the color wheel. Example: red and green, blue and orange, yellow and purple.


Takeaway Tip #1: Avoid combining complimentary colors because the resulting shade will be a dull grayish brown – a very sad, muddy color indeed. (Unless you’re trying for a grayish brown muddy color, in which case, you’ve found your combo!)


Takeaway Tip #2:  Be sure to change out your brush water often to avoid “muddy” colors.

Your First Assignment:

jar of clear water, brush, watercolor pad, and paints. (In my opinion, the three basics to purchase are cadmium red medium, cadmium yellow medium, and ultramarine blue.)

Using watercolor paper, draw a circle (I used a container top to trace mine) and divide the circle into 12 equal parts.  Paint your primary colors, equally spaced with three spaces in between.  In the middle of those, paint your secondary colors and finally, between your primary and secondary colors paint your tertiary colors. Label your color wheel once the paints have dried.

Additionally, feel free to combine a few complimentary colors to create “muddy” colors.

I hope you enjoy this activity. You’ll be surprised at how freeing a detailed assignment can be when staring at a blank sheet of paper!

Be sure to come back to this post and link up with your exercise in color so that everyone can see your work.


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